The introduction is the first paragraph of your essay or the first part of your presentation. An introduction begins with general information and ends with specifics (your thesis statement).
How do I write an introduction?
1. Always start with a Grabber. Grabbers can be leads, hooks, quotations, wow facts, or a very short story or anecdote. The Grabber will show your voice and personality. You want to make your paper or presentation interesting and lively. You want your reader/audience to be interested in what you have discovered and get excited about what they will learn through reading your essay or listening to your presentation.
2. Introduce your topic to your reader/audience.
Answer basic Skinny or informational questions like who, what, where, when. Pretend you you are talking to a younger sibling and you just want to give him brief background or overview about your topic in a couple of sentences.
3. Your Thesis Statement is the last sentence of your introductory paragraph. It is one meaty sentence which answers your Fat Question.
Introduction Triangle. Digital image. How to Start an Essay: No Magic Solutions for Your Papers. Custom-Writing.com, 2013. Web. 17 Aug. 2013.
What is a thesis statement?
What does a thesis statement do?
Do I have to have a thesis statement?
Yes. You cannot write an essay without one.
What does a good thesis statement look like?
Position: ____________________________________ because (state three reasons why your thesis is valid)
What a thesis statement should NOT look like:
It should never include phrases like: in my opinion, I think, I believe, etc.
However, it may be helpful to write a rough draft of a thesis statement with this phrases to make sure you are expressing your thoughts or arguments clearly. Be sure to delete these phrases when writing the final draft of your thesis statement.
Where does my thesis statement belong in my essay?
Lorcher, Trent. "How to Write a Thesis Statement: High School English Lesson Plan." Bright Hub Education. Bright Hub, Inc., 2012. Web. 17 Aug. 2013.
What is the purpose of a conclusion?
Why is a conclusion important?
What is the structure of a conclusion?
What is a good outline for a conclusion?
What should NOT happen in the conclusion?
Conclusion Paragraph Graphic Organizer. "Foolproof Essay Conclusion Tricks." Jimmie's Collage RSS. N.d. Web. 17 Aug. 2013.
"Writing a Conclusion." Time4Writing. VKidz, Inc., 2013. Web. 17 Aug. 2013. <http://www.time4writing.com/learning-how-to-write/writing-a-conclusion>.
Avoid using informal language (texting language, slang, vernacular, contractions). Use specific, descriptive words. Do not use the words “thing” or “stuff.”
Examples to correct:
Use third person in formal writing. Do not use the pronouns “you,” “we,” “I,” “me,” etc. in your essay.
Examples to correct:
Avoid repeating the same words of phrases in the same sentence or in sentences near each other.
Examples to correct:
How do I write the body paragraphs of my essay?
At MICDS we use the TEE format for writing the body paragraphs in essays. Remember, the topic sentences, explanation and evidence all must relate to and tie back to your thesis statement.
T = Topic Sentence - A clear sentence that tells the reader the main idea of your paragraph. It should tie back to one of the points in your thesis.
E = Explanation - Explain its significance or importance and how it supports your thesis
E = Example or Evidence - Several sentences with supporting details that illustrate your point
What do the body paragraphs do in my essay?
What is the structure for my first body paragraph?
Then, follow this same formula for all your other body paragraphs.
The Research Paper Graphic Organizer. Digital image. Advanced Essay Writing, n.d. Web. 17 Aug. 2013. <http://lgimages.s3.amazonaws.com/data/imagemanager/82689/research_organizer.png>.
How do I persuade someone that my thesis and ideas are valid?
1. Make sure your opinion is supported by well-researched facts. Use ideas from experts to validate your opinion.
2. Convince your readers that your opinion is valid but, you don't want them to feel lectured at, critcized or insulted if they disagree with your ideas. Explain your point of view, but allow your reader the freedom to make up their own minds as to whether they agree with you based on the evidence you presented.
3. Look at the issue from various viewpoints. Acknowledge the opposing viewpoint and present information to support your viewpoint. Making a Pro/Con list will help you structure your ideas.
4. Use signalling words. These transition words help make your argument clearer, stronger and more interesting. Here are some examples:
Chronological - words about the order of things
Cause and Effect - words about things which make other things happen
Using an Example - words to show what a thing is
Addition - words that add more information
Opposition - words that signal a conflict or problem
Your essay gets better with every draft so work on it may times over the course of many days. You need to be able to look at it with fresh eyes so you need a new day to do this!
Hint: If you try to do write your essay all in one night you will get tired and your writing will not be as good.